A. Brief Information

Ujung Kulon National Park is situated in the province of Banten, formerly under the provincial government of West Java. This site lies exactly in the westernmost of Java Island; thus people call it “ujung kulon” that literally means the westernmost. The site has been developed into a nature preserve upon suggestion from Dutch academics who arrived in Java Island in 1820 A.D.

Most of them were the members of an organization for scientific research in Netherlands Indies. This was appropriate place to undertake advanced scientific research considering the number of floras and faunas habituating in the areas. Those researchers then began to collect and make records on the objects found there. Further, they decided to set this site as a center for science development in Asia-Africa. The areas of Ujung Kulon National Park encompass Krakatoa, Panaitan, and Peucang islands.

It was once the Dutch colonial government restricted a programme to establish Ujung Kulon National Park as accused of damaging ecosystem in the surrounding. Further progress on the establishment of a science museum in this site, indeed, showed that the founders of Ujung Kulon National Park deliberately killed floras and faunas around in terms of enriching scientific data for their own country. This activity happened from 1853 A.D. up to 1910 A.D. Therefore the Dutch government issued a policy of protecting the ecosystem in Ujung Kulon in 1910 A.D. The implementation of the policy did not run well however; and the ecosystem in Ujung Kulon got worse. The damaging of ecosystem just continued until 1939, before the second Europe War blew up.

Since the Indonesian Independence in 1945, Ujung Kulon, which was formerly neglected, began catching enthusiastic attention from the Indonesian government. The government then set Ujung Kulon into national park in 1958. The Ministry of Forestry then registered Ujung Kulon National Park as the World Heritage Site in the category of tropical rain forest situated in Java Island to UNESCO. Finally, Ujung Kulon National Park was officially listed as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1992. Now, this site is under the supervision of directorate general of forest protection and nature conservation.

B. Distinctive Feature

According to the above historical record, Ujung Kulon National Park is said as the oldest national park in Indonesia. This site is the pioneer for the other national parks in Indonesia like Bunaken National Park (in North Sulawesi Province) and Mount Leuseur National Park (in the border of Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Province and North Sumatra Province).

The entire width of Ujung Kulon National Park is approximately 120.551 ha. It consists of 76.214 ha land and 44.337 ha water area as well as a coral reef area. The diverse creatures both in the sea and in the forest are the distinguishing features that can be found in this national park.

Here, if you`re lucky, you will find the icon of Ujung Kulon National Park, the Javan Rhinoceros. This is the critically endangered species that can be found in Ujung Kulon National Park. Now the population of Javan Rhinoceros is about 50 – 60. In other places, the Javan Rhinoceros population is just less than 10 such as those in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam.

Likewise, you will be amazed with some wild animals such as deer, mancak, Javanese bull (Bos Javanicus), primates, forest pig, rase lemur, silvered leaf monkey (Presbytis cristata), Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch), Asiatic Wild Dog (Cuon alpinus), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), tiger (Panthera trigis), and suruli monkey (Presbity aygula), as well as 270 other types of bird.

Numerous tropical vegetations are easily found here. Of about 700 species of flora, 57 species of them are critically endangered can be found here as well. In the further progress, the effort to preserve the flora in Ujung Kulon also broadens to nature preservation.

The coverage of nature preservation in Ujung Kulon National Park does not only in the land but also in the sea. Conservation of underwater life has been established there remembering its distinguishing diversity. Conservation of coral reef, however, is the focus. To protect coral reef as home of various fishes is the main purpose of this site establishment, indeed.

Finally, here you can learn how to live together with the nature while enjoying the beauty of Uiung Kulon National Park. Likewise, you can try to explore this site by trekking.

C. Location

Ujung Kulon National Park area is administratively located in Sumur Sub-district, Pandeglang District, Banten, Indonesia.

D. Access

To reach the destination, you can take bus or private transport in ease. Departing from Serang, the capital of Banten Province, the trip takes about two to three hours to Sumur Sub-district, Pandenglang District. If you depart from Tangerang City, the trip will spend about four hours. For you who want to visit Peucang Island, Handeuleum Island, and Panaitan Island, speedboats are available for rent.

E. Ticket Price

In confirmation process.

F. Accommodation and Other Facilities

Some facilities are available in Ujung Kulon National Park for a comfortable visit. Telecommunication network, electricity network, and clean water have been provided by the site management. Hotels, motels, homestays, and cottages located in Tamanjaya, Peucang Island, and Handeuleum Island are offered for you with reasonable prices. Restaurants and caf├ęs offer both local cuisine and international cuisine. Likewise, this site provides tourism information center, guides and speedboats to take you around the area. Assurance service is automatically given to you only after you buy the entrance ticket.

Source : Wisata Melayu

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